In general, most new plantings should be watered two to three times a week and as often as once a day during extremely dry summer months. Shrubs and large trees should be watered with a hose (at 1/3 to 1/2 strength) around the base area, with care not to let the hose run faster than the ground can absorb. We recommend 15 minutes for smaller plants and 30 minutes for large shrubs and trees. This should be enough to ensure that the soil around the roots is moist to a depth of 6-10″ for small and 12-16″ for large plants.
Your other options, instead of direct hose watering, include sprinklers and drip hoses, the latter being more effective for trees and shrubs. It is best to water either in the early morning between 5AM and 9AM or early evening around 4PM till sunset as this allows plants to dry before cooler night temperatures set in. Do not water plants in the heat of the day; however, if wilted the plant should be watered immediately!
- Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball or container that the tree or shrub is in.
- Remove the plant from its container and loosen the root system if necessary. If the root ball is wrapped in burlap, remove any rope and untie the burlap from around the trunk. Do not remove the burlap completely, as this keeps the root ball intact.
- Line the hole with a 50% organic soil amendment (leaf compost, peat moss, composted manure, humus) and 50% existing soil. Place the plant in the hole so that the top of the root ball is 2-3″ higher than the original soil grade. Tuck any burlap into the hole around the root ball.
- Backfill to the top of the root ball with the soil mixture mentioned above. Firm the soil around the root ball to eliminate any air pockets. Soak thoroughly with water.
- Apply a 1-3″ layer of mulch.
- Be sure to check the soil under the mulch regularly for moisture content. Avoid letting soil become overly dry.
- Water 3-4 times per week and as often as once a day during the summer or any period of drought.
If you have any questions regarding the care of your plant, such as pruning, feeding, or diagnosing pests and diseases, please call or visit us. Thank you for your purchase!