We as humans and overzealous gardeners often can damage our natural eco-systems by engaging in practices that are harmful to both ourselves and the environment. Organic gardening methods seek to minimize these effects.
First, we can maintain our gardens without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. This can prevent toxic runoff and protect beneficial insects, soil organisms and birds. In fact, the overuse of harmful chemicals has been linked to the death of bees, butterflies, and other pollinators needed to grow food. When problems arise, always try organic remedies such as insecticidal soap, horticultural oil, neem oil, pyrethrins, and sulfur and copper fungicides. We also carry beneficial insects such as ladybugs and praying mantises.
Next, we can improve soil quality by amending with natural composted materials. This way, we can recycle nutrients by putting them back into the soil. We should be careful not to over-apply manure or fertilizers as this can lead to runoff that adversely affects our waterways.
Finally, we can be mindful of how we choose to plant. The use of native selections can help with pest and disease resilience. Planting masses or rows of one type of tree or shrub can allow insects and disease to spread quickly. Instead, intersperse plant types and use companion plantings that mimic nature.
Organic gardening is an excellent goal that will enable your garden to yield healthier food crops and prevent adverse effects on the environment!